In August 2013, Illinois Gov. Pat Quinn signed HB 1 into law, legalizing medical marijuana in Illinois, which went into effect Jan.1, 2014. The governing departments were given four months from that date to finalize any changes or additions demanded at the city level. One such alteration by Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and Alderman Edward Burke may make finding medicine more difficult for approved medical marijuana patients.
According to the Chicago Tribune, Mayor Emanuel is seeking to approve further regulation on medical marijuana shops within city limits. According to the current state law, marijuana dispensaries are only allowed to operate in manufacturing zones 1,000 feet away from residences, schools or daycare centers. However, Emanuel and Alderman Burke are looking to approve additional restrictions, demanding centers must also be authorized for special use permits, requiring an OK of the city Zoning Board of Appeals.
Alderman Burke, a private practice attorney who has cost Chicago taxpayers millions of dollars in property tax litigation, criticizes the current laws, stating that little power was given to city officials allowing them to manage the new industry and condemning other states such as Colorado as “rife with abuse.”
The state law currently allows only 60 dispensaries to open across the state and only 22 growing centers, which must be at least 2,500 feet from any area zoned for residential use, schools or daycare centers.
Future medical marijuana centers will only allow doctor-approved medical patients, with written recommendations, to visit their facilities. Proponents believe that patients should have safe access under the law.
“If people are being prescribed these products by their doctors, will there be any burden in patients actually accessing those medicines, or do they have to drive to the edge of the city?” Said Bailey.
Additionally, as a pilot program, the new medical marijuana laws in Illinois are set to a “sunset” provision. This means that if the legislature does not renew the program, create new or alter and approve existing laws, the program will cease to operate in four years.