Rossmoor, just a few miles outside of Oakland – the capital of California’s legal marijuana market – is situated on 1,800 sprawling acres with meticulously landscaped grounds, pristine gardens, wandering creeks and flowing fountains. Named by U.S. News and World Report as “one of America’s best healthy places to retire,” it has all the trappings of a luxury retirement villa: two golf courses, three swimming pools and over 200 clubs, from ceramics, sewing and lapidary, to bridge, tap dance and cocktail affairs. And five years ago, the Rossmoor 420 Club was added to that list.
What started as a social get-together of about 20 pot-friendly residents has evolved to become the Rossmoor Medical Marijuana Education and Support Club, with upwards of 100 people in regular attendance. Once a month, the group convenes, often at standing-room capacity. A guest speaker is invited, sometimes bringing product samples, and together the community learns and shares information on the myths, history and medical applications of the plant.
“We are not experts,” says Renee Lee, 64, the club’s president. “But I think the people that have been in the group for the last three or four years are more informed than most doctors. We really know what’s going on. You can’t get too much past us.”
Lee knows first-hand the curative powers of cannabis. A few years ago she went to the doctor for foot pain and discovered she had a brain tumor. After brain surgery, she suffered from extreme pain and balance issues. Doctors prescribed her a potent cocktail of muscle relaxers, sleeping pills, antidepressants and high doses of painkillers. When she would try to leave her bed, she would collapse. She could no longer drive because the medications were so overwhelming.
“I was on Vicodin, and had to go from the lower dose all the way up to Norco, and the next step was either Oxycontin or methadone. And I was like, ‘I’m not doing that,’ because all of them are so addictive… Meds often require three weeks to start working, and by then, you’re already hooked. The thing about marijuana is it’s instantaneous.”
“I took a class on psychopharmacology, taught by a former Lilly Pharmaceuticals employee,” says Lee. “What I learned there was that every medication you take is poison and that we still really don’t know what it does to the human brain.”
By placing the emphasis on education and support, Lee hopes seniors can arm themselves with the knowledge to make healthy decisions for themselves. But the club doesn’t stop there, it also helps seniors get access to cannabis medicine.
“We steer people away from edibles,” Lee said.
Seniors are encouraged instead to use sublingual tinctures and oils, in part because it’s easier to manage dosage. To limit any psychoactive effects and because it helps them sleep, the seniors start out with a nighttime dose before bed.
“About 60 percent of [members] say they want the medication, but they don’t want to get high,” she said. “But there’s another 40 percent who say, ‘What’s wrong with getting high?’”
While at first the combination of retired seniors and cannabis may seem an odd pairing, it’s becoming something of a trend.
“There is anecdotal evidence that people with health conditions which medical marijuana could help treat are relocating to states with legalized marijuana,” Michael Stoll, a professor of public policy at University of California, Los Angeles told Money Magazine. According to data from United Van Lines, one-third of the people who relocated to the Mountain West region (which includes Colorado) in 2014 moved specifically for retirement. And in Colorado, “Many dispensaries have seen the largest portion of sales going to baby boomers and people of retirement age,” Taylor West, deputy director of the National Cannabis Industry Association, told Money Magazine.
But in retirement communities, cannabis remains highly controversial. Lee, who works closely with seniors in a nearby assisted living facility, says that in most – if not nearly all – assisted living communities “people still think, ‘If people smoke medical marijuana, they might fall down, they might get injured, they might get woozy. But yet, they have happy hour every day. There are people on meds, there are people on breathing tubes – and they’re drinking alcohol.”
While Rossmoor is unique, the county it resides in might well be considered antique, espousing attitudes not ideologically far off from the Reefer Madness rhetoric senior citizens grew up being taught. Contra Costa County bans dispensaries and personal cultivation, and was mulling a ban on deliveries, as well. But Rossmoor’s cannabis enclave isn’t letting county rules get in its way. Most of these seniors have spent their entire lives following the rules. Now that they’re retired, they’re doing as they please.
Jack Zins, a resident of Rossmoor who has been consuming cannabis consistently for more than 50 years, keeps a low-profile and grows in his backyard. When asked if he would mind his name printed in a national magazine, Zins replied, “Oh, I’m not hiding anymore. I’m too old to hide.”
Tess, a senior from the neighboring town of Lafayette, says she grows her own even despite a visit from the local police. “They came in, they saw my [medical cannabis] permit, and then they left. But f* ’em. I’m gonna grow if I want to!”
At the monthly meeting leading up to April 20, guest speakers arrived with a variety of topicals and creams formulated with a minute quantity of cannabis, and spoke to the crowd about microdosing. The meeting opened with an announcement that one of the club’s long-time members, Doug Stiles, would soon be leaving Rossmoor.
Stiles is perhaps one of the most recognized members – mostly because a photo of himself medicating with cannabis tincture landed in a San Francisco newspaper. His youthful energy belies the fact that he’s approaching 80 years old. He uses infused olive oil at a 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD to reduce stress and help him sleep.
“Living here has made me extremely happy,” Stiles said before the crowd. But since his wife needs extended care, they’re relocating closer to their family, and will reside in Rossmoor’s more famous sister community: Orange County’s Laguna Woods. “They have their own dispensary,” he said, as the crowd responded with oohs and ahhs.
While most members spoke favorably about the impact cannabis has had on treating their conditions, one senior who spoke on condition of anonymity confessed he has a “problem with cannabis” – but not the kind you’d expect.
“I’m very sensitive. I want to be a regular user but I react very strongly. Just smelling the bottle is too much. But then I graduated to putting a little, tiny drop on my finger – and I overdosed immediately. I had a mock heart attack and was about to call 911. But my intuition tells me that I need it to help me sleep. So, I’m working with [nurse Eloise Theisen] to find a way that I can tolerate it. But even with that little, tiny dose in about an hour I could sleep.”
Throughout the meeting countless stories could be overheard about how cannabis has helped cure the aches and pains of aging. The plant has so successfully treated Lee’s ailments that in 2012 she was able to quit cannabis, and now consumes it only occasionally.
“I like to smoke when I’m watching football or when I’m doing art, like ceramics,” she said. But she’s considering taking it up again – “to prevent Alzheimer’s.”
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