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Edibles: How to Make Canna-Butter and Canna-Oil

A cutting board holds butter, cheese cloth, and a pile of shake, someone is preparing to make homemade canna-oil and canna-butter.
PHOTOS Bruce Wolf


Edibles: How to Make Canna-Butter and Canna-Oil

The process to make canna-butter and canna-oil are the same, but I prefer to make my extractions using whole buds, not leaves or stems because the better and stronger the cannabis you use, the better the final product will be. It is best to make a strong extraction and dilute it to personal tastes with plain butter or oil when you prepare a meal.

You can extract cannabis into any cooking oil, I personally choose coconut oil for its health benefits. Additionally, it has a high fat content which means it binds to a lot more of the cannabinoids you are trying to ingest.

Most of my recipes suggest a serving size that contains between 2-3 teaspoons of medicated butter or oil. If I am planning a progressive dinner I will use less in each of the courses so I don’t overwhelm my guests. On occasion I will offer a medicated garnish that is optional, some folks can use it if they wish.


1 ounce dried cannabis flower
2 cups butter or two cups oil; coconut, canola, olive, peanut


Large saucepan
Wooden spoon
Large clear bowl or container
String, rubber band or tape


Step 1

Place the marijuana in a food processor or blender. A coffee grinder will work as well, the finer the powder the better.

Step 2

Place a large saucepan on the stove and add enough water so that it is about four to five inches deep. The most important thing to remember is that the marijuana needs to be a good two inches from the bottom of the pan at all times.


Step 3

When the water is at a full boil add the butter and allow it to melt fully.


Step 4

Once the butter has melted, turn down the heat to low and add the marijuana. The mixture needs to cook slow and low, so be prepared to have it on the stove for about 3 hours, and never allow it to boil. Boiling is harmful to the cannabinoids. Stir the mixture every fifteen minutes.


Step 5

At the start of the process the mixture will look watery and the cannabis not yet incorporated. The butter will begin to change color, and the mixture will begin to appear dark and thick. It is a striking difference that is virtually impossible to miss.


Step 6

While the canna-butter is cooking set up the bowl to hold the finished product. Place a double layer of cheesecloth over the top of the bowl. Hold it in place with tape, string or a rubber band. Make sure to leave a little slack in the cheesecloth so you don’t make a big mess when you pour in the mixture.


Step 7

When the mixture is thick and glossy, strain the marijuana butter over the bowl, carefully so as not to spill. When the saucepan is empty carefully undo the twine or rubber band, pick up the cheesecloth from all four sides and squeeze out all of the remaining butter. Remember that everything will be hot, so be careful. This part of the process can also be a bit of a mess, but well worth it!


Step 8

Allow the canna-butter to cool for a couple of hours. It’s never good to put something hot in the fridge. Place in the refrigerator until the butter and water has separated. The butter will have risen to the top layer and become solid. The THC and other properties have now attached to the butter, and you are just about there.


Step 9

Run a knife around the edge of the bowl and lift the butter off.


Step 10

Place upside down on your work surface and scrape off any of the cooking water. Your canna-butter is ready. Enjoy!




  1. MJ Fortwenny

    May 15, 2020 at 11:36 am

    Hi, no mention of decarboxylation before cooking……

    • cana darling

      May 15, 2020 at 6:30 pm

      that’s a good thought. I decarb mine at 260 degrees for 60 min.

  2. Diane Mediamere

    May 22, 2016 at 8:33 am

    have 2 do it

  3. Jonathan

    May 21, 2016 at 5:47 pm

    A potato ricer with a brown regular (non-cone) coffee filter works better than cheesecloth.

  4. Chris

    January 19, 2016 at 4:16 pm

    This is amazing! Definitely have to make one for me and share it with my visitors 😀

  5. ymgrc

    July 30, 2015 at 3:12 am

    Moi je fait un peu bouillir et il reste du THC très bon buttter canna mais mla prochaine je ferais mijoter. le plus important après c’est le pressage sinon normalement + de la moitié de beurre récupéré soit 300 gr pour 500 GR de beurre hésitez pas un 2ème pressage

  6. SK

    July 28, 2015 at 8:59 am

    Hi. I’m noticing a few things in this article:

    1: In step 6 it looks as if the pot of stuff is boiling, even though you said to not boil the butter.

    2: I’ve gotten better results by just putting cooking oil in a pan and heating it for 30-60 minutes on low-ish setting on stove element with an appropriate ratio of bud to the oil. I think I used about 5 grams of bud in a standard cake recipe (small) and it was fine.

    3: There are so many recepies and methods to cook cannabis into oil or butter that I get confused. Ive done it mostly the way described above but I didn’t get as potent as other methods I’ve used.. I want to have an expert Cannabis chef to be beside me and instruct me all the way so I can get super potent butter/oil every damn time cuz I hate it when the stuff doesn’t work!!

    • Sambodia

      December 25, 2016 at 10:57 am

      It should be noted that THC becomes more psychoactive Through decarboxylation (removing excess moisture and carbon dioxide by dehydration). If cooking with bud, grind it well and spread out on a cookie sheet, place it in the oven at 200°f (any hotter and you might scorch it) and bake until very crispy. Then follow the steps to make the cannabutter. I’ve had some edibles turn out super weak, some that would’ve put Willie Nelson in a stupor, before I started decarboxylating my bud. Now I cook with consistent potency. Wish I’d learned sooner.

      • Leigh

        December 31, 2019 at 4:56 am

        Also the longer you cook the oil mixture the more potent the end result will be. This allows for a longer extraction time. Typically cooking it for about 6-8 hours will allow for best THC extraction. Also another possibility instead of just putting the oil directly into the water is to use a double boiler.

  7. Briana

    July 21, 2015 at 6:14 am

    How much canna-butter does this recipe make? Also if you have fresh weed I’m seeing some people suggest to bake it first to dry it out, is that accurate?

  8. Harold

    December 13, 2014 at 4:28 am

    Can I use any of these in my vaperizer.

    • Zack

      January 1, 2017 at 7:35 pm

      I believe so I’ve heard you can use your vaporizer bud for recipes instead of tossing it. And you can make tea with the stems

  9. First timer

    October 25, 2014 at 2:42 am

    Trying this now, 30mins of cooking to go. I used leaf and am cooking up some brownys so ill repost and let you all know how it goes.

  10. nancy

    October 15, 2014 at 10:31 pm

    Love it(:

  11. Justin

    July 9, 2014 at 2:46 pm

    You’ll want to decarb the weed first thing you do. This takes the THC-A and turns it into THC making it more potent. Also use a healthy fat like olive or coconut oil. They’re both going to do better for potency than butter or lesser oils. Don’t ever boil the oil when you are heating it, this will burn up the THC.

    • Jeff

      August 7, 2014 at 3:24 pm

      Boiling it will burn up the THC but smoking it doesn’t?

      • joseph

        October 15, 2014 at 11:08 pm

        i think u burn THC when u smoke it right lol

      • chris

        October 16, 2014 at 2:09 am

        That has got to be the stupidest thing I’ve ever seen. Smoking weed does too burn up the the , and then you inhale it . Boiling it just burns the the and it goes into the air

      • alex dracen

        October 17, 2014 at 9:09 am

        when you burn the whole bud yes you are burning the THC but you are also inhaling it at the same time therefore causing the high

      • Ron

        March 17, 2016 at 4:37 am

        Seriously, when you smoke it,the THC goes in your lungs. You need to stop smoking. Lol

  12. jon dukedawg hemelryk

    May 20, 2014 at 1:36 pm

    in da uk we do this with hash – good moroccan pollen-v.good results but would be nice to have a vapour pen that can use hash .Are there any?

    • dennis

      July 18, 2014 at 5:16 pm

      Thats what they were made for

    • Christopher Welcher

      May 1, 2016 at 3:19 pm

      Yes. They sell a few different types at The Hazy Hideaway by Kirkwood here in Cedar Rapids, Iowa

      • Christopher Welcher

        May 1, 2016 at 5:01 pm

        And yes hash is what they were made for but hash comes in many forms depending on the method of extraction Bubble Hash is the best because it has only been processed using ice water so it’s the cleanest, no impurities, it’s also the most potent,?!!!! pure cleanest type off hash electronic vape mods

        • Christopher Welcher

          May 2, 2016 at 7:23 am

          Sorry for the type-O type-O lol. Continuing on with my comment on hash and hand held electronic vape mods, vape pens, & the few different types of heads made specifically for vaporizing hashish, bubble hash, hash oil, BHO SHATTER EXTRACTED WITH BUTANE, SHATTER EXTRACTED WITH CO2= Both Butane & CO2 methods are considered “Subcritical Extraction” method, meaning Extraction occurs when the bud is completely saturated in the solvent at subzero temperatures under criticality high pressure. But still Butane being the best solvent the solvents only extract portions of the trichromes containing Cannabinoids like THC, CBD, CBN, CBS…leaving behind a lot and not getting the whole trichrome compared to ice water extraction using bubble bag, Ice water extraction is the cleanest, safest, highest yielding method & the only method that extracts the whole trichrome unchanged in water, no chemical solvents so BUBBLE HASH IS THE BEST MOST POTENT CLEANEST/ PUREST FULL TRICHROME CONTAINING HASH THERE IS. Once collected can be melted together making it a wax form, or Shatter form, or oil, etc…

  13. Viola Vincent

    March 27, 2014 at 1:08 pm

    could you please send me the butter reciepe

    • Jeff

      June 16, 2014 at 3:22 pm

      Get the DVD called pots an pans best DVD out

      • daanav

        October 21, 2014 at 7:51 am

        While smoking it burns and goes inside ur lungs, if it burns while cooking it will go in the air. And how do you store THC if there is no THC ??

    • Kevin King

      October 28, 2014 at 8:51 am

      If u use an e-cig ligit u need to get a separate tank, the atomizer that holds the oil. And u can put the ‘butter’ they’re talking about too

      • ken

        September 2, 2015 at 5:14 pm

        how do you fill the cartridges…I have bunch laying around.

  14. Vicky Garcia

    March 4, 2014 at 9:14 am

    Yes this is how my Sister proceeded it, but in much bigger quantity sizes. It last for a couple of months. She uses it for cooking cookies, Krissy treats, lobster butter for dipping, ect .

  15. Lois Hays

    February 28, 2014 at 2:10 pm

    Can you show a simple reciepe for hard candy or lollipops.I have a Magic Butter machine, but I am still learning what and how to do this baking.My husband has a broken back and I have cancer. We can not smoke at a lot of places but we can eat hard candy for the pain mostly.If you can help with the cooking by telling me a simple way or the best way, I will be very grateful.Thank you, Rene’

    • Lois Hays

      February 28, 2014 at 2:14 pm

      Sorry if that was to much information,but can you show how to make hard candy the best and how strong should it be.

    • Hi Lois, we’ll reach out to our friends over at Magical Butter and ask them. Check back soon!

  16. Laurieandmaryjane

    February 19, 2014 at 12:20 pm

    A few things to address. Depending on the strength of the weed, I find that 2-3 teaspoons of the butter/oil per serving works very well. I do think that coconut oil gives the best bang for your high buck, but canola oil yields good results. I do not use the spent weed, but I know people who make teas and salves with it. I always make sure the weed is very dry, so I have not needed to bake it first. I have made this mixture with all buds, one ounce,2 cups butter or oil and it is super potent. The best you have will give you the best results. You get out what you put in, simple but true.

  17. kratos

    February 18, 2014 at 2:05 pm

    An oz of weed is a lot of pot to cook into anything. Who wants to spend a couple hundred bucks to get a small pan of brownies?

    • Lmao

      February 18, 2014 at 6:12 pm

      It says 1 ounce of cannabis FLOWER, you can use an ounce of bud if you want but the leaves will work just fine.

    • Eddie

      February 26, 2014 at 7:45 am

      Who? We’ll let’s see, the people who grows it, and have it all the time?

    • dood

      October 15, 2014 at 4:11 pm

      I buy it by the ounce and cook it all into butter. Rarely ever smoke anymore. little bit in a bowl of soup or on a piece of toast and I’m good for the day. Ounce this way lasts me months, smoked, might last two weeks if it’s really good weed.

      • Nacho

        October 15, 2014 at 9:59 pm

        I have been meaning to do this, thank you for sharing. Wow, what technique do you use to cook it? I’ve never had much success with edibles, but I think mainly it’s because people are using garbage input.

  18. Liberty

    February 18, 2014 at 12:09 pm


  19. vicki johnson

    February 18, 2014 at 9:47 am

    Don’t forget, the cooked cannabis can be incorporated into cookies or brownies at this point, don’t just throw it away. 🙂

  20. Patty Johnson

    February 17, 2014 at 7:19 pm

    Thank you

  21. Rod Burch

    February 17, 2014 at 6:04 pm

    I always enjoy your well written and informative articles.

  22. jesse stewart

    February 17, 2014 at 4:15 pm

    Can u use vegetable oil for the mixture?

  23. Cameron

    February 17, 2014 at 4:05 pm

    This looks like an awesome method. I just have a question. I love read another article about making cannibutter and it said to let everything site the water for about 6 hours. Does it matter?

  24. leslie

    February 17, 2014 at 4:04 pm

    I would like to become a member.

  25. Lindy

    February 17, 2014 at 1:11 pm

    Thanku for the recipe

  26. Lynnette Henry

    February 17, 2014 at 12:57 pm

    How do you make the smokeable cannabis oil that is used in the vaporizer pens. I have made the “bho” and wax. The “bho” always ends up likewax. What keeps it fluid?

  27. Sofia

    February 17, 2014 at 12:24 pm

    A comment and a question. First, I am a natural foods chef and do a lot of research and consolation for clients for health and optimal nutrition. The quality of fat used for canna-butter, as well as anything else actually, is paramount. Therefore I am confused at the suggestion of using canola, peanut or other polyunsaturated fatty acids. These are not good fats to eat in general and are normally treated with chemicals and solvents during processing that leave harmful residues. I think only good quality organic saturated fats like butter, coconut and possibly lard or tallow would be best. Secondly, it’s mentioned it’s harmful to boil the fat as it damages the cannabinoids. I guess I don’t understand as the Rick Simpson oil basically boils the alcohol out to leave behind the cannabinoids. Also I found a butter recipe similar to this using coconut oil in a pressure cooker with water. If true, the cannabinoids would utterly be destroyed in that process. Just trying to clarify as I want to protect those precious cannabinoids!

    • bobby ray

      July 7, 2014 at 12:48 pm

      Alcohol boils at a much lower temp than water. The pressure cooker method, though, might be destroying some cannabinoids but preserving THC, depending on what you want to occur.

    • ken rooks

      August 21, 2014 at 10:52 am

      the alcohol gives the appearance of being boiled as it is evaporating rapidly over the steaming water but it is not actually boiling

  28. Lydia Nance

    February 17, 2014 at 12:11 pm

    So wht do u do with the product in the cheese cloth? Is it reusable?

  29. ssativa dominant

    February 17, 2014 at 12:02 pm

    A crock pot works wonders. So does an old t shirt. Cheese cloth often rips. Doing a second boil and separation will lower the weed taste that makes many people nauseous.

  30. Barbara

    February 17, 2014 at 11:52 am

    How much do you use at a time? I’ve eaten brownies before and didn’t like the effect. Maybe just too much? I’m familiar with cannabis since I’ve been using for more than 40 years.

  31. lunga gqweta

    February 17, 2014 at 10:55 am

    Awesome, now I’ve learned something useful…..more awesome recipes please!!

    Love it….

  32. Roberto Zapata

    February 17, 2014 at 9:53 am

    given the amount and the number of ingredients how much is the suggested amount of medication to place inside the butter?

  33. terry

    February 17, 2014 at 9:46 am

    don’t you have to put the mj in the oven first, at a temperature of 200 degrees for an hour?

  34. Jd

    February 17, 2014 at 9:23 am

    What do you do with the cannabis that you drained

  35. Bob

    February 17, 2014 at 9:10 am

    Water Cure the Cannabis and it wont have that tell tale odor or color.

  36. Denise

    February 17, 2014 at 9:05 am

    Aww man been looking for this thank

  37. kjcherryho

    February 17, 2014 at 8:51 am

    I was just chatting with a friend yesterday. I am going to be doing the final process of my concoctions on February 26, 2014. And starting some new ones. I prefer to use the cold pressed method. On certain oils and rubbing alcohol and vodka. Cooking in about 10 days.

    • Jerry

      December 6, 2014 at 11:49 am

      Rubbing alcohol???? NOOOOOOOO. It’s poison

  38. Tygah

    February 17, 2014 at 8:45 am

    Awesome,, but does it have medical values?

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